Cinereous Vulture (a.k.a Eurasian Black Vulture, Monk Vulture)
Aegyptius monachus

Photo by Monica Blackwell, Bird Keeper
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This video is an example of animal enrichment at The Toledo Zoo.
Footage recorded by Sara Vorpahl, Toledo Zoo Bird Department

Range and habitat:
The Cinereous vulture breeds across southern Europe and Asia from Spain to Korea, but is endangered throughout its European range. It is not found in the parts of its range where hard winters cause limited movement. These vultures breed in high mountains and large forests, nesting in trees or occasionally on cliff ledges.

Natural diet:
In the wild, the Cinereous vulture feeds on carrion (dead and decaying flesh).

Size / weight range:
This bird grows to be 3 to 3 1/2 feet tall, with a wingspan of 8-10 feet. I can weigh anywhere from 15 1/2 to 31 pounds.

Interesting facts:
This Old World vulture is one of the largest birds of prey. Among the vultures in their range, they are the best equipped to tear open tough carcass skins, and they are dominant over other vultures at carcasses. Listed as near-threatened in the wild, this species is protected in zoo settings by a Species Survival Plan (SSP), which is administered by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums to ensure a healthy and genetically diverse zoo population. The Toledo Zoo is proud to participate in the Cinereous vulture SSP.

Location at The Toledo Zoo:
Outside of the Avian Breeding Center (between Primate Forest and Kingdom of the Apes)

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